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Other News Baku
NATIONAL REVIVAL DAY
November 17 is celebrated by our state and people as "National Revival Day". On November 17, 1988, the people flocked to Freedom Square in Baku to raise their first mass protest against the Soviet empire, which had held Azerbaijan under colonial rule for 70 years.The mass people's movement against a regime that supported Armenian separatism and terrorism in the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region of Azerbaijan, promoted Armenian land claims against Azerbaijan, and did not protect the rights and interests of the Azerbaijani people began on November 17. On that day, the people of Azerbaijan united like a fist and proved to the whole world that they are a people worthy of freedom.
As a result of the socio-political processes taking place in the former USSR since the mid-1980s, Azerbaijan had ample opportunities for independence. The genocide against Azeri Turks in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh was supported by the Soviet army.
Armenian bandits, armed from head to toe, brutally killed the civilian population. The bloodthirsty savages did not spare anyone: the elderly, babies, or even pregnant women. The communist leadership of the time, flattered and helpless in front of Moscow in order to maintain its position, could not stand up for the true interests of the people and the country.
The people of Azerbaijan, who did not agree with all these injustices and attacks on the territorial integrity, stood up on November 17. In those days, the so-called "Square Movement" revived the national consciousness, which had been repressed under the Soviet colonial regime, and a turn towards self-awareness began.
The people's movement gained mass character not only in Baku, but also in Nakhchivan, Ganja and Lankaran. The powerful people's movement that engulfed all the cities and regions of our republic threatened to sweep the communist regime out of Azerbaijan. The people's movement was in full view.
Fearing this, the leaders of the empire sent troops to Baku on the night of November 24-25..Curfew was applied. But the people did not back down.The "Square Movement", which began with demands from the Soviet regime to end Armenian separatism and terrorism in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, to ensure the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, to stop the looting of our wealth, soon turned to slogans calling for Azerbaijan's independence. The tricolor, moon-star flags of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic were waved on the square. But the forces were still unequal. Although the empire was weak from within, it did not relinquish its military power.
The forces had to be preserved for the future struggle for freedom. On the night of December 4-5, the Soviet army managed to suppress the "Square Movement". Thousands of freedom-loving people were arrested and imprisoned. However, it was impossible to break the people's will to fight. The road to Azerbaijan's independence began on November 17 - Freedom Square. Shortly afterwards, history spoke for itself.Azerbaijan regained its independence. November 17 was marked as the day of the beginning of the national liberation movement - the Day of National Revival...
Other News Azerbaijan
Have a look at this Armenian girl -Ani Nazarian , please. She wants to become a citizen of Azerbaijan, because she knows that her government always tells lies and she knows well that Armenia fought for nothing. A lot of people from Armenia get it that their government is based on fake news and imaginary stories. That's the proof!!! Ani Nazarian wrote her impression after reading the comments and responses that were typed by Azerbaijanis below her post . She was even shocked after realizing that how our people were kind to her. That's not surprising at all, because Azerbaijan is the land of the multiculturalism and brave heart people. We Azerbaijanis can never disappoint those who understand the meaning of this war of truth, war of justice!!!
Yerevan (İrevan) is the ancient land of Azerbaijan.
Source: Nazim Mustafa City of Yerevan, Baku - 2013. Translated into English by Narmin Tagiyeva.
The city of Yerevan is as dear and native to every Azerbaijani as the ancient cities of Baku, Ganja, Barda, Sheki, Derbent, Nakhchivan, Tabriz, Ardabil. At different times, the territory where the city of Yerevan was located was part of the Urartu, Sassanid, Arab caliphates, Sajids, Shaddadis, Seljuks, Eldenizs, Ilkhanids, Teymurids, Garagoyunlu, Aghgoyunlu, Safavids, Afshars, Gajars, Tsarist Russia. Only after the establishment of the first Armenian state in the South Caucasus in 1918, the city of Yerevan became the capital of Armenia. The city of Yerevan is located in the northeastern part of the Agri valley, with a latitude of 40 ° 08 ′ north latitude and a longitude of 44 ° 10 ′ east. The city of Yerevan, built at an altitude of about 900-1000 meters above sea level, is surrounded on all sides by gardens.
The name of this city, inhabited only by Azerbaijani Turks since ancient times, is mentioned in medieval written sources as Ravan, Iravan, Irivan. After the occupation by Russian troops in the early 19th century, the name of the city was written as Yerevan (Erivan), and later, in the 20th century, it became the capital of the Armenian state for the first time in history. Armenian historians are trying to connect the name of the city they now call Yerevan with the name of Erebuni (Irpuni) fortress, built during the reign of Urartu Tsar Argishti I (782 BC).
The Erebuni fortress was built only for military purposes, and no urban infrastructure was ever formed around it. Just as the Urartians had nothing to do with the Armenians, the ancient fortress of Erebuni had no spatial or historical connection with the present-day city of Yerevan. There was a long distance between the ancient settlement of Iravan, which was formed as a city from the Middle Ages, and the Erebunu fortress, which was discovered during archeological excavations in 1950. Only in the second half of the twentieth century did they include the Bloody Hill, where the Erebuni fortress was located, in the suburbs. It is clear from the cuneiform inscriptions of the Urartian period that e. b. until the first quarter of the 8th century, the Agri Valley (the left bank of the Araz River and the lower reaches of the Arpachay) was occupied by the Urartians, the area was called the land of the Aza people.The absolute majority of hydronyms (rivers, lakes, springs, etc.), oronyms (mountains, valleys, passes, plains, etc.), oykonims (settlements, streets, neighborhoods, etc.) in and around the city of Yerevan are in Azerbaijani Turkish shows that this area is ancientwas one of the settlements.Among the material and cultural samples discovered during the excavations in the city of Yerevan, no Armenian samples have been found so far. During the nearly 1,200 years from the fall of the Urartians to the establishment of the Arab caliphate, no settlement mentions this settlement. This is also acknowledged by some objective Armenian historians.
This fortress-city, located on trade routes and formed as a city in the Middle Ages, inhabited only by Azerbaijani Turks, was also one of the rich cultural centers of Azerbaijan. The city of Iravan as a center developed rapidly socio-economically during the Chukhur-Saad Beylerbeyi and Iravan khanates.In the Middle Ages, the city of Iravan, located between the Zangi (now called Hrazdan) and Geder rivers, was surrounded by mountains and hills on the north-west and north-east, and a arable valley on the south and south-west. The Iravan fortress was built on a steep hill on the left bank of the Zangi River. Due to its strategic importance from the geographical point of view, the city of Yerevan has always been a battlefield and has passed from hand to hand many times. The city, which was devastated by wars and earthquakes, was rebuilt in a short period of time each time. The very famous Iravan Fortress and Gardens have been in the spotlight of all travelers to the city, and extensive information has been provided about them.
Located in the arid subtropical climate zone, the city of Yerevan is surrounded by very fertile and fertile soils. Famous Iravan gardens and orchards were irrigated by canals built by Iravan khans from Zangi and Gedar rivers at different times. Four canals - Mamra, Abuhayat, Dalma and Tazakend - were built from the Zangi River to irrigate the gardens in and around the city. The gardens in the south of the city were irrigated by canals and ditches drawn from the river (Kirkhbulag). Harvest was taken from the lands of Yerevan 2-3 times a year.
Until the beginning of the twentieth century, the city of Yerevan was supplied with drinking water from four sources - the Zangi River, numerous springs in the area called Soyudluk, a reservoir built in the city gardens of the Gedar (Kirkhbulag) River and canals dug in various places. At the beginning of the 20th century, a water pipeline was laid to the city from the source of the Gedar River (Kirkhbulag), about 19 km from Yerevan. The wealthy Azerbaijanis of the city had an exceptional service in the construction of this pipeline.
During the khanate period, the city of Iravan consisted of four quarters - Gala, Shahar (Shahri), Tepebashi and Demirbulag settlements. Very few Armenians lived only in some settlements around the city. The city (Shahri) massif was the oldest part of Yerevan. About 50 Armenian Gypsy families (vacant lands) from India settled in the Tepebashi massif (now called Kond) to the west of the city. The Tepebashi massif was separated from the city massif by numerous gardens of famous people of Yerevan. Only Azerbaijanis lived in the Demirbulag massif (now called Karanki Tag) in the south of the city. As noted by French travelers J. Tavernye and J. Chardin, only Azerbaijanis lived in the Iravan fortress.
There is not a single historical-architectural monument belonging to Armenians over 200 years old in the modern city of Yerevan. Because in the city of Yerevan, Armenians were gradually moved from Iran and Turkey after the occupation of the Iravan Khanate by Russia in the early 19th century. Historical and architectural monuments in Yerevan were built in the style of Oriental architecture. Travelers and chroniclers described Yerevan as a typical Muslim city in their works.
Since the city of Yerevan was located at the crossroads of caravan routes, many caravanserais and trade squares were built here. Caravanserais built of stone, with square squares in the middle and swimming pools were considered to be the most beautiful buildings in Yerevan. At the beginning of the 19th century, there were 8 caravanserais in Yerevan. There were 851 kiosks in Julfa, Georgian, Zarrabi khan (Serrafkhana), Tahir, Sulu, Susuz, Avshar, Haji Ali caravanserais.
In the central part of the city there was a square measuring 400 × 400 m, called the Great Square. The Qantar scales for heavy loads and the Mizan scales for light loads were located in this square. Other squares were called Khan Bagi, Zal khan, Huseynali khan, Labor market square. Until recently, the area where the building of Panah Khan Makinsky was located was called Panah Khan Square .
There were 8 baths in the Eastern architectural style in Yerevan - Shahar, Zal khan, Sheikhulislam, Mehdi bey, Haji Beyim (daughter of the last Iravan khan's brother Hasan khan), Tepebashi, Haji Ali, Haji Fatali, Karim bey baths. In addition to the underground teahouse, a special room was allocated for holding mugham meetings in the Zal khan bath complex, which once existed on the site of the Republic Square in the center of Yerevan.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were dozens of streets in Yerevan with Azerbaijani names. These streets were famous in ancient Yerevan: Shariat, Caravanserai, Gala, Sultan, Cholmekchi, Nakhchivan, Bazar, Dashli, Pasha khan, Gariblar hearth, Deyirmanli, Mosque, Labor market, Tepebashi, Cemetery, Naib, Mir Jafar, Rustam khan, Imamra, Korbulag, Bey, Ketan, Dukanli, Sallakhlar and others.
Land of Gardens There were 1,473 gardens in and around Yerevan, 772 of which were within the city. .The names of Sardar Garden, Dalma, Abbasdarasi, Abuhayat, Keshagli, Gizilgala, Dere Bagi, Savzikari, Khosrovabad, Soyudlu, Gul Deresi, Kankan, Kerpickhana gardens were spread far and wide from Yerevan. Some products of Yerevan gardens were exported to Europe in dried form.
There were 45 mills in and around the city. Hajibeyim, Mohammad khan, Subhangulu khan, Gala, Khan, Doqquz mills belonging to Azerbaijanis were the biggest mills of the city.
The names of about 15 mosques and two Armenian churches in Yerevan are mentioned in the historical literatureblue mosque (or Huseynali khan), Gala mosque (Sardar or Abbas Mirza), Shah Abbas, Tepebashi, Zal khan (or City), Sartib khan, Haji Novruzali bey, Demirbulag, Haji Jafar bey, Rajab pasha, Mohammad Sartib khan, The minarets of Haji Inam mosques mark the fact that Yerevan is a Muslim city from afarhe would give.Mosques were demolished one after another after the establishment of Soviet power in Armenia.
The Blue Mosque, the largest mosque in the South Caucasus, housed the History Museum of Yerevan, and the Zal Khan Mosque became an exhibition hall for artists. only the Demirbulag mosque served its purpose until 1988, and now that mosque has been wiped off the face of the earth and a high-rise building has been erected in its place. The Pogos-Petros and Katogke churches, which existed alongside mosques in the city, were once built at the expense of Christian missionaries to ensure the influx of Armenians into the city.When the first Armenian state - the Republic of Armenia - was established in the South Caucasus in 1918, the National Council of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic decided to make concessions to the Armenians as the capital of the city of Yerevan.
Until the beginning of the 20th century, the Iravan Fortress, the Khan's Palace inside it, and the Abbas Mirza Mosque were considered to be the historical and architectural pearls of the city. armenian vandals gradually wiped out the Iravan Fortress and all the historical and architectural monuments inside it.
After the preparation and implementation of the master plan of Yerevan in 1924, all the historical and architectural monuments belonging to the Azerbaijanis in the city were destroyed one after another, so that in the future they could present Yerevan as an Armenian city. .
In the 30s and 40s of the 20th century, Azerbaijani neighborhoods in the center of Yerevan maintained their existence. Since Armenians have been living in Yerevan since the beginning of the 19th century, Armenian neighborhoods surrounded Azerbaijani neighborhoods like a ring. In the 50s and 60s, the compact neighborhoods of Azerbaijanis and their ancient cemeteries were demolished under the pretext of building new buildings.The massacres of Azerbaijanis in 1905-1906, the genocide of 1918-1920, the deportations of 1948-1953 and 1988-1989 completely changed the Azerbaijani image of the city of Yerevan in favor of the Armenians. Armenians, who erased the material and cultural traces of Azerbaijanis from the city of Yerevan, and then managed to create a mono-ethnic Armenian city by destroying the Azerbaijani ethnic identity, are still trying to erase the traces of Azerbaijanis from history books and textbooks.
Shusha is one of the most beautiful cities in Azerbaijan. The word "Shusha", which means the name of this city, comes from the word "glass", which symbolizes the pure, unusually transparent mountain air of this land. Nature has given Shusha unique springs and mineral waters. Sour water, Isabulagi, Sakina spring, Hot spring, Cold spring, Charikh spring, Pottery spring, Forty springs, Hundred springs and other springs prove it.
Shusha fortress - the fortress walls surrounding the city of Shusha in Azerbaijan. For a long time, the castle protected the city from foreign interference and has long been a symbol of invincibility. During the march of Agha Mohammad Shah Gajar to the South Caucasus, the fortress was under siege for a long time. but attempts to seize the fortress failed.
The area is strategically very favorable. Thus, as in the Sheki fortress, the Shusha fortress is located in a high mountainous area. Karabakh khan Panahali khan, taking into account the unfavorable geographical position of Bayat fortress and Shahbulag fortress, decided to restore Shusha fortress in 1753 and the center of Karabakh khanate was moved here. After the restoration of the fortress, it was called Panahabad for a long time.
Shusha fortress is one of the most beautiful pearls of Azerbaijani architecture. The castle was built in the style of the Arran School of Architecture. Local stones and a mixture of lime and egg yolk were used in the construction of the fortress. The castle has three gates. Ganja Gate is distinguished by its high architectural features. The castle has circular security towers. Near the castle, a bridge with high architectural qualities was built, which connects the castle with the outside world. This bridge is known as the Castle Bridge.
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